KNOWLEDGE CLAIMS AND PHILOSOPHICAL ASSUMPTIONS. There is a social element to everything we do and experience, and this is reflected in our attitudes to, experiences of, confrontations with and perceptions of society and our place in it. The aim of data analysis is to focus on the relationships of the phenomenon under investigation in order that meaningful insights are provided. This chapter introduces you to the philosophical assumptions, or set of beliefs, that underlie the research process. These beliefs have been called philosophical assumptions, epistemologies, and … If you click through and make a purchase, I may receive a commission (at no additional cost to you). The assumptions provide guidance for conducting your research. Ontological assumption = what is reality (for the individual person)? They indicate whether you must ask each person in a study the same questions in Philosophical Assumptions Qualitative interviewing has become a prominent research method in the social sciences. The goal of … The interviews may take place in the patient’s home or at the respite facility. Focus on women's diverse situations; Subject matter focused on domination within patriarchal society; Lens focused on gender; Goals focused to establish collaborative relationships to place researcher within study - not objective, but transformative. Yet, proponents of each paradigm need to applaud both the existence of the other and the hybrid paradigms that inevitably are born of conflict. Patton (2002) succinctly identifies the major characteristics of qualitative research under three strategies: These headings are used below to explain the characteristics of qualitative research, and now are briefly discussed. therefore data are things that are given – that is, facts and opinions that have been given. Posted: 19 Hours AgoDue: 13/04/2018Budget: $10 Report Issue Unit 1 Discussion- Qualitative and Quantitative Research Design For this discussion, compare and contrast the characteristics of quantitative and qualitative research, addressing the philosophical assumptions of … Thus, positivism leads to the following four sets of assumptions: Ontological assumptions (nature of reality): There is one defined reality, fixed, measurable, and observable. Face-to-face conversation is an everyday occurrence and this hasprobablyresultedinanassumptionthatinterviewingisapreferredoption becausetheresearcherfeelsmostateasewiththistechnique.Inwell-executed CHAPTER 2 RESEARCH PHILOSOPHY AND QUALITATIVE INTERVIEWS 15 1. This helps support the blog and allows me to continue to make free content. On a philosophical level, there is irreconcilable conflict between the quantitative and qualitative paradigms. These philosophical assumptions are characteristic of all qualitative inquiries. So, this is a good place to take a short detour and look at what we mean by the term. Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. The researcher searches the data for patterns and themes at an early stage, and uses these to explore the data further within the research study. Such methodologies seek to explain and critique an understanding of the socially constructed nature of ‘facts’ through which individuals or groups make sense of their everyday lives and interactions (Parahoo 2006). For example, research questions may need to be substantially modified whilst the study is under way. Focus on changes in how people think - encourage interaction, networks for 'social theorizing'; Focus on use of intensive case study or historically comparative cases; Formation of formal models; Use of 'ethnographic accounts' (interpretive social psychology). The participants have specific knowledge concerning the phenomenon (often because they are the ones living with/experiencing it) and thus they are recruited in order to provide an understanding of the issue within a particular context. This is a brief introduction to this type of research study and, as has been stated above, the characteristics of qualitative research are discussed more fully in chapter 5. Creswell describes the following four philosophical assumptions: Interpretive frameworks can be considered a basic set of beliefs that guide action. Table 2.1 Philosophical assumptions of qualitative research and examples of its use in practice. The researcher obtains initial answers from the participants, and from these formulates further questions throughout research study. The researcher may choose to interview the patients in order to ask them about their views on the service. For my doctoral thesis, I am exploring the feasibility of developing a formalized approach to curriculum mapping with the goal of developing a feature complete software solution. On the other hand the theories may be social justice theories / advocacy / participatory, seeking to bring about change or address social issues in society. The focus is exploratory and descriptive – it describes and explains a phenomenon/situation how will stop. To help with the verification of the analysis and theories generated from a piece of qualitative research, some researchers send transcripts of the interviews and focus group discussions to the participants and invite their comments on their analysis of the data in order to seek their opinions of the analysis and interpretations.