", Ovid, Fasti 3. There is no reason why we should omit to mention the sanctity of these goddesses and the renown which they enjoy among mankind. The massif including the mountain is called Psiloritis (Greek: Ψηλορείτης).. , Votive seals and ivories have been found in the cave. But thee, O Zeus, the companions of Kyrbantes [Kouretes (Curetes)] took to their arms, even the Diktaian Meliai (Dictaean Meliae, Honey-Nymphs), and Adrasteia laid thee to rest in a cradle of gold, and thou didst suck the rich teat of the she-goat Amaltheia, and there to eat the sweet honey-comb. She often bore twin kids, and at the very time that Jove was brought to her to nurse, had borne a pair. In Greek mythology Oenone was a Naiad-nymph of Mount Ida in the Troad. Mount Ida (Greek: Ἴδα), known variously as Idha, Ídhi, Idi, Ita. "She [Demeter] roams the heaven, too [in search of Persephone], and accosts the Stars free of limpid Oceanus near the chilly pole : ‘Parrhasian Stars [i.e. She gave the god milk, but snapped her horn on a tree and was severed from half her loveliness. Ida and Adrasteia], with the command that they should minister to his every need And the Nymphai nurtured the child on a mixture of honey and milk and gave him upbringing at the udder of the goat which was named Amaltheia. She possessed the lovely mother of two young goats, a glorious sight among Dicte's flocks, with soaring horns curled round her back and an udder suitable for the nurse of Jupiter. Ida and Adrasteia] and accorded these goddesses unusual honours, adorning their temple with many votive offerings. At 2,456 m (8,058 feet), Ida is the highest mountain on Crete. Mair) (Greek poet C3rd B.C.) Since they did not have milk, they furnished him a she-goat, Amalthea by name, who is said to have reared him. 132, &c.) relates that she gave to the infant Zeus a beautiful globe (sphaira) to play with, and on some Cretan coins Zeus is represented sitting upon a globe. IDA and ADRASTEIA were nymphs of Mount Ida in Krete (Crete) who were entrusted with the care of the infant god Zeus. The other Mount Ida – in the Phrygian Troad – was sacred to Cybele. As a reward for their service, Zeus placed the pair amongst the stars as the constellations Ursa Major and Minor (the Bears). The cult of these goddesses, so men say, they moved from their home in Krete (Crete), since the Kretans also hold these goddesses in special honour. Amaltheia was sometimes described as a third nymph in this group, but in most accounts she was the milk-goat. 3 (trans. She was represented, with other nymphs, on the altar of Athena Alea at Tegea. This article explores the part played by Mount Ida in the Iliad. to C1st A.D.) : Virgil, Georgics 4. Magn. Oldfather) (Greek historian C1st B.C.) Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. He gazes far and wide on the day's deeds.’", Virgil, Georgics 4. Mair) (Greek astronomical poem C3rd B.C.) For this reason they constructed wagons with four wheels and transported the stone by the use of one hundred span of oxen. 2 : Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Ovid, Fasti 5. 79. [1.4] ADRASTEIA, IDOTHEA, ALTHAIA (Hyginus Fabulae 182) Some say that the Nymphae Helice and Cynosura were nurses of Jove, and so for gratitude were placed in the sky, both being called Bears. [1.2] ADRESTEIA (Apollonius Rhodius 3.132) He says, too, that in the city called Histoe, founded by Nicostratus and his friends, both the harbour and the greater part of the land are called Cynosura from her name. She was the first wife of Paris who abandoned her when Aphrodite awarded him the hand of Helen in marriage. Mount Ida is the locus for a race of legendary ancient metal workers Dactyls. Mount Ida is the locus for a race of legendary ancient metal workers Dactyls. "[Rhea] entrusted the rearing of him [the baby Zeus] to the Kouretes (Curetes) of Mt Ide (Ida). i. A certain Olenus, son of Vulcan [Hephaistos], had two daughters, the nymphs Aex and Helice, who were nurses of Jove [Zeus]. Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 111 ff (trans.Boyle) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. 3 (trans.  The cave where Zeus was nurtured is variously stated to be this cave, or another of the same name, or the Dictaean cave. The ancient Greeks also named these constellations Helike (the Circling One) and Kynosoura (the Dog's Tail), the latter because it appears to form the tail of Canis Major. [1.1] KOURETE MELISSEUS (Apollodorus 1.4, Hyginus Fabulae 182, Hyginus Astronomica 2.13) viii. 2; Arat. "Qualities which Jove [Zeus] himself has given bees, I will unfold--even the reward for which they followed the tuneful sounds and clashing bronzes of the Curetes, and fed the king of heaven within the cave of Dicte.". Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) : Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 3. He was born as a boy, and was raised by naiad nymph on Mount Ida. ad Virg. Later, during the Trojan War, when Paris had been wounded by the poisoned arrow of Philoctetes, he sought her healing skills but she refused him and he died. On its slopes lies one of the caves, Idaion Antron, the Idaean Cave, in which, according to legend, Zeus was born. Astr. p. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : 465. The largest of which is the formidable Mount Ida, known locally as Psiloritis (translated to Tall Mountain in Greek). 132 ff (trans. 46. ", Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 4. : 7 - 80. They tell this story about him. The other Mount Ida – in the Phrygian Troad – was sacred to Cybele. Ustinova, noting Capdeville 1990, and, critically, Prent 2005:568. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mount_Ida_(Crete)&oldid=978461891, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 September 2020, at 02:14. Mair) (Greek astronomical poem C3rd B.C.) : l. c.), IDE (Idê). : An earlier story may have had a less prominent setting or have been left ambiguous. He is, after all, the king of Gods. 575 ff : 4 - 5 (trans. ), CYNOSU′RA (Kunosoura), an Idaean nymph and one of the nurses of Zeus, who placed her among the stars. 1. Cleostratus of Tenedos [Greek astronomer C5th-6th B.C.] Located in the Rethymno regional unit, Ida was sacred to the Greek Titaness Rhea. Now they ever hold their heads each toward the flank of the other, and are borne along always shoulder-wise, turned alternate on their shoulders. [1.1] ADRASTEIA, IDE (Apollodorus 1.4.5) [1.2] ADRESTEIA (Apollonius Rhodius 3.132) [1.3] IDE (Diodorus Siculus 4.60.3) [1.4] ADRASTEIA, IDOTHEA, ALTHAIA (Hyginus Fabulae 182) [2.1] KYNOSOURA, HELIKE (Aratus Phaenomena 27, Hyginus Asronomica 2.2, Ovid Fasti 4.575) [2.2] HELIKE, AIX (Hyginus Astrono… An Ethnoarchaelogical Perspective, in. We call them Septentriones. A view of Mount Ida (right) from the ancient city of Eleutherna in Crete. Ursa Major and Minor] you can know everything, since you never sink beneath Oceanus' stream, show this wretched parent her daughter, Persephone.’ She spoke. A daughter of Melissus and Amaltheia, and sister of Adrasteia, one of the Idaean nymphs, to whom Rhea entrusted the infant Zeus to be educated. 47, § 2.) Georg. [2.2] HELIKE, AIX (Hyginus Astronomica 2.13) 1. Ursa Major and Minor]. (Hygin. 46. Theoi Project © Copyright 2000 - 2017 Aaron J. Atsma, Netherlands & New Zealand, (Apollodorus 1.4, Hyginus Fabulae 182, Hyginus Astronomica 2.13), (Aratus Phaenomena 27, Hyginus Asronomica 2.2, Ovid Fasti 4.575). i. Poet. Oldfather) (Greek historian C1st B.C.) Other oracle sites from Greece to Asia Minor were located at high altitude – Delphi being a notable and famous example, which was apparently an oracle to Gaia/Ge before it became sacred to the ‘divine son of light’, Apollo. "Ide (Ida) [of Krete (Crete)] the daughter of Korybas (Corybas) (the Korybante). is said to have first pointed out these kids among the stars. ", Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. i. «ferrum Hesiodus in Creta eos qui vocati sunt Dactyli Idaei.» (Hesiod attributes the invention of metallurgy in Crete to those who were called Idaean Dactyls. "Rhea, when she was heavy with Zeus, went off to Krete (Crete) and gave birth to him there in a cave on Mount Dikte (Dicte). When he controlled the sky and sat on his father's throne and nothing surpasses unconquered Jove, he made stars of the nurse and the nurse's fruitful horn, which bears even now its mistress' name. § 6.) ", Ovid, Fasti 5. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :  It may have served as the site of an oracle, symbolized by the frequent depiction of a tripod on coins of nearby Axos, which presumably controlled the territory around the cave. They hid him away in the secluded Diktaion (Dictaean) cave, nursing him on honey and the milk of the she-goat Amaltheia. Standing at 2,456 m high overlooking the Rethymno region and classed as a UNESCO EUROPEAN GEOPARK due to its unique flora. (Paus. Fairclough) (Roman bucolic C1st B.C.) An Idaean nymph, by whom Zeus became the father of the Idaean Dactyls. When he reached the age of fifteen, he decided to explore further from his surroundings and eventually reached the forest of Caria near Halicarnassus.