These respirable hazards are also a factor in asthma and allergic problems, (runny nose and irritated eyes) which may occur with initial exposure. In 2005, the EU nations established the regulation 183/2005/CE that was implemented at beginning of 2006. In this case, knowledge of the analysis of the nutritional content and digestibility of these materials, which are not yet standardised, as in the case of distillers dried grain solubles (DDGS), for example in the US, should be developed. The first one is related to the regulatory issues implemented by different countries, looking forward to product traceability and production sustainability. Ongoing efforts to improve the poultry industry’s record in worker safety include: To find out more about modern poultry inspection, go to chickeninspectionfacts.com. In the last few years, agricultural production has experienced significant development due to an increasing demand for food by the world's population. Feed intake and broiler growth prediction models under different scenarios, such as those developed by Emmans, Fisher and Gous, will allow better definition of strategies that will favour production efficiency. Farm employees, especially new and untrained ones, are usually at a greater risk. Green D.M. This demand results particularly from the increase in the global population, as well as in average income and urbanisation. (2010) Proceedings of 13th European Poultry Conference, 146. Mohen S., Atakora J. and Ball R.O. One of the strategies to be considered is formulating diets not only takes into account a feedstuff’s metabolisable energy but also its net energy defined as metabolisable energy minus energy loss due to heat increment, that is, the energy that is effectively used for production. Kidd M.T. Geographic information systems (GIS) are already used for production zoning and viewing, allowing correlation of performance parameters with the geographical location of poultry houses in terms of altitude, latitude and longitude. So, ingredient nutrient variations caused by plant cultivar, processing, harvest year, nutritional density, presence of mycotoxins, etc., will need to be more seriously considered if the main purpose of the business will be reaching the precision nutrition concept. For corn and other cereals, besides investment in silos, feed mills will need to implement cleaning structures and gravity separators should become a common practice to separate them based on their densities. The evolution of technology and of the knowledge on thermoregulation physiology and behaviour will reduce mistakes in poultry house design and in bird management that can cause thermal discomfort. (2000), through genetic engineering, were able to improve the nutritional quality of corn, developing low-phytate varieties. (2010) Animal Feed Science and Technology, 157 (1)99-103. (2010) Proceedings of the 13th European Poultry Conference, 159. (2002) observed higher starch digestibility in broilers fed whole wheat grain as compared to those fed ground wheat. Parsons A.S., Buchanan N.P., Blemings K.P., Wilson, M.E. This technique is operated by a visual image analysis (VIA) system that, using video cameras placed inside the poultry house, allows the continuous collection of images. Van der Werf H. and Prudêncio da Silva V. (2010) Proceedings of 13th European Poultry Conference, 139. Skinner-Noblet et al. The utilisation of trace minerals will be determined by a better understanding of their interaction with the immune system, as well as on the quality of their sources, preventing final product contamination with residues. Nutrigenomics studies the molecular relationships between nutrition and gene response, and aims at understanding how gene expression is induced by nutrients or feeding regimes, with consequent influence on performance parameters. As to protein nutrition, new synthetic amino acids, produced at competitive prices, will become commercially available. (2000) Poultry Science, 79: 1444–1450. Viola T.H., Ribeiro A.M.L., Penz-Jr A.M. and Viola E.S. It seems that there will be an increasing need to concentrate efforts in the modulation of the intestinal microbiota and immune system through the use of nutraceutics, instead of controlling enteric diseases with therapeutic compounds (Ferket, 2009). These factors will cause diets to be formulated more accurately, avoiding large safety margins. Therefore, it is clear that at least these ingredients can no longer be considered as commodities, and their qualitative and quantitative aspects must be taken into account when someone is making purchasing decisions. The ultimate objective will be optimising the rearing process as a function of the company’s or farmer’s needs. While the past 25 years has seen a dramatic decrease in the numbers and rates injury and illnesses occurring in the industry, the poultry industry will continue to seek new and innovative ways to protect our workforce. (2005) Advances in Pork Production, 16: 119. For instance, the use of valine for broilers, whose beneficial effects were demonstrated by Corzo et al. Supplying this demand for safer food requires transparency and commitment by all the parties involved in the process of food production, including governments. The United Nations (UN) estimates that there will be eight billion people on the planet by 2030, whose income will be, on average, 32 per cent higher than in 2006. Monitoring flock health status will also be the key for the safe expansion of the poultry industry. No part of this site may be reproduced without permission. This limitation may be overcome by the use of NIRS (Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy), that allows immediate analysis of energy as well as amino acid composition and digestibility of each feedstuff batch (Penz-Jr et al., 2009). In the enclosed environment of the poultry shed, poultry farm workers may be exposed to high levels of airborne organic dust (poultry dust). These hazards include exposure to high noise levels, dangerous equipment, slippery floors, musculoskeletal disorders, and hazardous chemicals (including ammonia that is used as a refrigerant). (2009) Proceedings, Conferência Facta de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícola, 27. However, the efficient use of these tools depends on the availability of detailed and accurate data, with a complete house inventory. Food contamination by pathogens is the main concern of consumers (IFC, 2010). He and the First Lady also took the opportunity to wish Ame…. In scientific innovation, a new field of knowledge nutrigenomics must be considered. Many human foodborne bacterial infections are linked to poultry. Airborne exposure, injuries, and zoonotic infections are amongst the main categories of health hazards. The IMS technique (Integrated Management Systems) aims at providing a completely on-line and real-time system, with no human interference, except when a problem is detected. However, the implementation of ingredient segregation is limited to wet chemistry techniques, which are usually expensive and time-consuming. Penz-Jr A.M., Figueiredo, A.N. d (2007) Poultry Science, 86: 2343-2349. Perhaps more than any other industry, the poultry industry over the last several decades has focused its energies on the prevention of workplace injuries and illnesses, especially musculoskeletal disorders like carpal tunnel syndrome, by recognizing the value of implementing ergonomics principles. International Food Information Council Foundation – 2010 Food & Health Survey. Energy is usually the most expensive nutritional component of poultry diets. Figueiredo et al. and Moritz J.S. This technique is already used for pigs in Europe, and prediction measures for broilers are still under study because the feathers make the true measure of meat surface area difficult (Green and Parsons, 2006). In the future, this oversimplification will not be acceptable, once feedstuffs will continue representing at least 70 per cent of the final cost of a business that more and more will be tied by cost efficiency. Genetic engineering will become an important tool to improve feedstuff nutritional quality and, perhaps, bird performance.